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Stock market trivia: 55 unknown facts about the market that controls shares!

The stock market is an aggregation of buyers and sellers and of stocks. Stocks are everywhere around us!

They are all of the shares into which ownership of the corporation is divided! So let’s find out some more things about their market!

  1. A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks
  2. Also called shares
  3. Which represent ownership claims on businesses
  4. An aggregation is a loose network of economic transactions
  5. Not a physical facility or discrete entity
  6. The stocks may include securities listed on a public stock exchange
  7. As well as stock that is only traded privately
  8. Examples of the latter include shares of private companies
  9. Which are sold to investors through equity crowdfunding platforms
  10. Stock exchanges list shares of common equity
  11. As well as other security types
  12. For example corporate bonds and convertible bonds
  13. Stocks are categorized in various ways
  14. One way is by the country where the company is domiciled
  15. For example, Nestlé and Novartis are domiciled in Switzerland
  16. So they may be considered as part of the Swiss stock market
  17. Although their stock may also be traded on exchanges in other countries
  18. For example, as American depository receipts (ADRs) on U.S. stock markets
  19. As of 2017, the size of the world stock market was about US $79.225 trillion
  20. By country, the largest market was the United States (about 34%)
  21. Followed by Japan (about 6%)
  22. And the United Kingdom (about 6%)
  23. These numbers increased in 2013
  24. As of 2015, there are a total of 60 stock exchanges in the world
  25. With a total market capitalization of $69 trillion
  26. Of these, there are 16 exchanges with a market capitalization of $1 trillion or more
  27. And they account for 87% of global market capitalization
  28. Apart from the Australian Securities Exchange, these 16 exchanges are based in one of three continents
  29. These continents are North America, Europe and Asia
  30. Market participants include individual retail investors
  31. Institutional investors such as mutual funds, banks, insurance companies and hedge funds
  32. And also publicly traded corporations trading in their own shares
  33. A few decades ago, most buyers and sellers were individual investors
  34. Such as wealthy businessmen, usually with long family histories to particular corporations
  35. Over time, markets have become more “institutionalized”
  36. Buyers and sellers are largely institutions
  37. The rise of the institutional investor has brought with it some improvements in market operations
  38. There has been a gradual tendency for “fixed” (and exorbitant) fees being reduced for all investors
  39. Partly from falling administration costs
  40. But also assisted by large institutions challenging brokers’ oligopolistic approach to setting standardized fees
  41. A current trend in stock market investments includes the decrease in fees
  42. Due to computerized asset management termed robo-advisors within the industry
  43. Automation has decreased portfolio management costs
  44. By lowering the cost associated with investing as a whole
  45. Stock market participation refers to the number of agents who buy and sell equity backed securities
  46. Either directly or indirectly in a financial exchange
  47. Participants are generally subdivided into three distinct sectors
  48. Households, institutions, and foreign traders
  49. Direct participation occurs when any of the above entities buys or sells securities on its own behalf on an exchange
  50. Indirect participation occurs when an institutional investor exchanges a stock on behalf of an individual or household
  51. Indirect investment occurs in the form of pooled investment accounts, retirement accounts
  52. And other managed financial accounts
  53. Tobias Preis and his colleagues Helen Susannah Moat and H. Eugene Stanley introduced a method to identify online precursors for stock market moves
  54. Using trading strategies based on search volume data provided by Google Trends
  55. Their analysis of Google search volume for 98 terms of varying financial relevance suggests that increases in search volume for financially relevant search terms tend to precede large losses in financial markets


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